Modern Day Slavery

A Few Facts

Excerpts from Daniel Hayes - 21 Facts And Stories Of Modern Slavery…

The working definition of a slave is someone who is forced to work and is held under threat of violence for no pay beyond subsistence. They are people who cannot walk away from their work.

The term “human trafficking” which is a term most people have heard is actually just a modern term for slavery. Human trafficking does not refer to illegal immigrants being smuggled across borders who are then free to go their own way.

The U.S. State Department and social scientists estimate that there are as many as 47 million slaves in the world today. By contrast, there were a little under 4 million slaves in the U.S. in 1860. The number of slaves currently in bondage today is greater than in all of recorded human history combined.

Slaves are cheaper today than they have ever been. In 1860 Texas a slave cost up to $19,000 in 2015 money. Today a slave can be gotten in some places for as little as $90 in 2015 money. This makes modern slaves more disposable to slaveholders than even under the horrific conception of slavery in the U.S. most Americans have.

65.8% of the slaves in the entire world live the Asia Pacific region. You know, where we get all our clothes (textile slavery is actually less common than most think).

Up to 4% of the population of Mauritania in West Africa consists of slaves. They have the highest percentage of slaves in the entire world with a total of 155,600 slaves. Iceland and Ireland have the lowest incidents of slavery in the world.

In the United States, slavery often takes the form of sexual slavery, specifically sexual slavery of children and minors. The United States ranks 145 out of 167 on the Global Slavery Index with 167 being the least amount of slavery.

However, the United States does import goods made from materials derived from slave labor. For example, over 1 million Uzbeks are forced by the government to harvest cotton two months out of every year. This cotton is then sold into the global market where it ends up in products Westerners, including Americans, buy.

The vast majority of slaves are held in collateralized hereditary debt bondage which means that a son or daughter can be born into slavery because their parents owed a debt and slavery is the payment. There is no end to this debt. It spans generations with no end in sight.

One billion people worldwide live on less than a dollar a day. Subsistence living makes people very vulnerable to making compromises that could result in enslavement. Some poor families have been known to give their children away to individuals posing as “placement agents” who claim the children they take will be given a better life. Instead, these children often become slaves without the parents ever knowing what became of them.

Many of the minerals used in modern electronics like gold, tin, and tungsten are mined in war torn areas like the inappropriately named Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Congo is home to 762,900 slaves and is seventh in the world in slave prevalence, two steps behind India and Pakistan.

In 2013, the Mauritanian government (remember, number 1 nation in the world in terms of slavery) formed a tribunal to try and prosecute those who engaged in, as they called it, the “vestiges” of slavery. Since then it has prosecuted no one. Well, no one that is except anti-slavery activists in Mauritania trying to pressure the nation into cracking down on slavery. The “vestiges” are pretty powerful it turns out. Even worse, enslaved women who are raped by their slave masters are then charged with “unlawful sexual conduct.”

Slavery as an industry is extremely profitable. The International Labor Organization estimates that slavery is responsible for $150 billion (with a B) in profits for slaveholders annually.

Slavery is present in nearly every industry on the planet from agriculture to textiles, cocoa workers (used to make chocolate) to mining. It’s everywhere, and while this doesn’t mean every product from these industries is produced by slaves, they certainly aren’t, goods produced by slave labor are a part of the mainstream global economy, not an outlier or an exception you never come across.

Global slavery is growing, not shrinking.

Types of Slavery

>Sex Trafficking.

>Child Sex Trafficking.

>Forced Labor.

>Bonded Labor or Debt >Bondage.

>Domestic Servitude.

>Forced Child Labor.

>Unlawful Recruitment and Use of Child Soldiers.

Here are some modern day slavery statistics that you probably didn’t know.

>There is an estimated 20 to 30 million slaves across the world today. It is hard to count the exact numbers of a hidden population.

>90% of women and children who end up as Sex Slaves were victims of childhood sexual abuse before they were recruited.

>You are in greater risk of being hit by a bolt of lightning than you are of going to jail, if you enslave a person in South Asia.

>An estimated number of 800,000 people are illegally trafficked across international borders every year.

>There are 161 countries affected by human trafficking.

The total yearly profit gained from human trafficking is a staggering $32 billion a year.

>Majority of modern slavery victims are between the ages of 18 and 24 years old.

>1.2 million children are enslaved through forced labor and exploited in the sexual industry each year.

>In 1850, the cost of a slave if converted in today’s dollar value, would be $40,000. The cost of a modern day slave is $90.

>Brazil leads the world in fighting modern day slavery.

>In terms of profit, Human Trafficking is ranked as the 3rd largest international crime industry – just behind Drugs and Arms Trafficking.

>54% percent of modern day slaves were recruited by strangers and 46% were recruited by people they know.

>78% of modern day slaves are in the Labor Industry, while 22% are in the Sex Industry.

>55% of modern day slaves are women and children and 45% are men and boys. 26% of them are children under 18 years old.

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